AHA's, BHA's & PHA's???

 Human skin has two principal components, the epidermis (the outermost of the three layers that make up the skin) and the dermis (the layer of skin that lies beneath the epidermis and above the subcutaneous layer). For any topical compound to be effective it must pass the epidermal layer and reach the live cells within the dermis. Hydroxy Acids can help:

  • decrease inflammation, a key marker of acne, rosacea, and other skin concerns

  • decrease the appearance of large pores and surface wrinkles

  • even out your skin tone

  • improve overall skin texture

  • remove dead skin cells

  • unclog pores to prevent acne

AHAs- Alpha Hydroxy Acid's What are they? AHAs are a group of organic carboxylic compounds. They are water soluble. They are usually used for:

  • mild hyperpigmentation like age spots, melasma, and scars

  • enlarged pores

  • fine lines and surface wrinkles

  • uneven skin tone

What do they do? They can solve skin dilemmas by essentially melting away the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin leaving skin looking plump and fresh. It's likely you will feel a slight tingling when you apply them. This is exfoliating and a much less abrasive form of traditional physical scrubs. Types of AHAs Glycolic, Lactic, Tartaric, Citric, Malic, Mandelic BHAs- Beta Hydroxy Acid's What are they? BHAs are an organic compound that contains a carboxylic acid functional group and hydroxy functional group separated by two carbon atoms. They are oil soluble. They are usually use for:

  • remove dead skin cells

  • reduce blemishes,

  • blackheads

  • enlarged pores

  • improve hydration

  • contain ingredients that prevent skin ageing.

What do they do? BHAs are primarily used to help treat acne and sun damage. These products go deep into your hair follicles to dry out excess oils and dead skin cells to unclog your pores. Otherwise known as BHAs, this acid usually comes in the form of salicylic acid and is most commonly found in exfoliating products relating to acne and blemished skin. Types of BHAs Salicylic PHA's-Polyhydroxy Acid What are they? Polyhydroxy Acids or PHA’s are the next generation of alpha hydroxy acids. They have a larger molecular structure than AHAs and BHAs therefore can't penetrate as deeply and are much gentler on sensitive skin. They are usually used for:

  • mild hyperpigmentation like age spots, melasma, and scars

  • enlarged pores

  • fine lines and surface wrinkles

  • uneven skin tone

What do they do? They can solve skin dilemmas by essentially melting away the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin leaving skin looking plump and fresh. They are gentler than AHAs and BHAs allowing people with more sensitive skin to get similar benefits to using AHAs without the irritation. Types of PHAs Gluconolactone Lactobionic This content is not intended to replace conventional medical treatment. Any suggestions made are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, condition or symptom. Personal directions and use should be provided by a clinical specialist, dermatologist or other qualified healthcare practitioner.

 


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